People with special needs should include those considerations in their emergency and disaster preparedness planning. It is important to remember that the usual methods of support and assistance may not be available for some time during an evacuation and after the disaster has occurred.
Make a personal disaster plan to help organize necessary information and activities during and after a disaster and share your disaster plan with your support network. Keep copies of your disaster plan in your disaster supplies kit, car, wallet (behind driver's license or primary identification card), and wheelchair pack or at work, etc. View other action steps to prepare for a disaster. For evacuation assistance, complete our Special Needs Evacuation Assistance Registration.
A number of excellent online resources are available to help people with disabilities and caregivers to prepare for emergency situations.
- American Red CrossCitizen Corps: Citizen Preparedness Publications
- Emergency Preparedness on the Job for People with Disabilities
- Employers' Guide to Including Employees with Disabilities in Emergency Evacuation Plans
- National Organization on DisabilityPrepare.org: Disaster Preparedness Information for People with Disabilities
- Preparing for Emergencies: A Checklist for People with Mobility Problems (FEMA)
- Removing the Barriers: A Fire Safety Factsheet for People with Disabilities and their Caregivers
- Special Populations Fire-Safe Checklist: A Fire Safety Factsheet for People with Special Needs
- U.S. Access Board Emergency Evacuation Procedures